Subscribe to Blog via Email
© Mark Biegert and Math Encounters, 2018. Publication of this material without express and written permission from this blog’s author and/or owner is strictly prohibited. Excerpts and links may be used, provided that full and clear credit is given to Mark Biegert and Math Encounters with appropriate and specific direction to the original content.
DisclaimerAll content provided on the mathscinotes.com blog is for informational purposes only. The owner of this blog makes no representations as to the accuracy or completeness of any information on this site or found by following any link on this site. The owner of mathscinotes.com will not be liable for any errors or omissions in this information nor for the availability of this information. The owner will not be liable for any losses, injuries, or damages from the display or use of this information.
Category Archives: Batteries
We have all heard stories of the fire hazards that lithium-ion batteries present – just to remind you, here is a partial list: Boeing Dreamliner Electric Cars Samsung Phones There have been many other documented "thermal events". I personally have … Continue reading
Quote of the Day If there is one thing more than another for which I admire you, it is your original discovery of the Ten Commandments. — Thomas B. Reed to the youthful Theodore Roosevelt about his self-righteousness Introduction I … Continue reading
Introduction I had a conversation with a customer recently who wanted to estimate the capacity and running time of their electronic systems when operating from batteries that are under various current load and temperature stresses. The battery manufacture had only … Continue reading
Introduction I am not getting any younger. As I age, I have come to realize that certain activities age me faster than others. For example, I have no doubt that sitting in meetings for hours every day has deleterious effects … Continue reading
I live in a cold climate -- so cold that under certain circumstances we can freeze our lead-acid batteries (Figure 1). A customer who lives in my region called recently and was wondering if I thought any of his batteries would have frozen over the winter. A number of his Internet service subscribers have vacation homes that are unoccupied over the winter. All of these vacation home owners turn off their AC power for the winter. Since all of our Optical Network Terminals (ONT) are connected to Uninterruptible Power Sources (UPS), they will begin operating off of their battery when the AC power goes away. If the home owner does not disconnect the battery, the ONT will run discharge the battery. This is important because a discharged battery will freeze -- a charged battery will not freeze. A battery that has been frozen is very likely a dead battery. Continue reading
I recently have received a number of questions about the outgassing of hydrogen gas that can occur from lead acid batteries when they are being overcharged. I thought it would be useful to review what is happening when a battery is outgassing. When being charged, batteries can release enough hydrogen gas to create an explosive hazard. Consider this report and Figure 1 as an example as to what can happen. With lead-acid batteries, hydrogen gas can be generated any time, but charging is when the greatest challenges are faced. Continue reading
While performing some routine reliability analysis, I noticed that there is a similarity between battery aging and continuously-compounded interest calculations. I had not noticed this similarity before, and I thought I would document it here.
Figure 1 shows a common lead-acid battery. This chemistry is my focus in this post. Other chemistries will behave similarly, but the constants involved will differ. I will be assuming that the failure rate of the battery is described by the Arrhenius equation. Continue reading
Quote of the Day The key to effective goal-setting is being realistic about what you can accomplish. — Andrea Woroch Introduction It is difficult to dig trenches for fiber optic cable in many parts of the US and Canada during … Continue reading
Introduction I am doing some requirements analysis work on backup power systems for GPON ONTs. As part of this work, I need to perform an evaluation of a number of batteries for charge capacity and energy. As part of this … Continue reading
My sons always tease me about my interest in space. In order to understand my interest in space, you need to understand what it was like being a boy during the 1960s. I had my own October Sky boyhood. I built rockets, read everything I could about space, built electronic circuits, and dreamt of someday being an engineer and space traveler. While the space traveler part didn't work out, I was fortunate in that I did everything else that I dreamt about it. I have met numerous engineers who are now in their 50s who had the same experiences. Continue reading